You want to get started on your skincare regimen. Congratulations on taking the first step to taking care of your skin. So the first thing you will need to figure out is: What is your skin type? There are four main skin types: Normal, dry, oily and combination. Understanding the different types of skin will give you a better idea on the type of skincare products you should be using to optimise them and gain flawless, glowing skin.
What is Normal Skin Type?
Yay if you have normal skin, for you are the envy of many people. *Throws confetti* Normal skin type users are characterised by skin that is neither too dry nor too oily, or basically skin that has no major issues.
Your skin tone is usually even, and feels soft without any dry, flaky skin. Also, you do not experience oily bouts during the day. Your skin is usually free from pimples and blemishes (how lucky!) and even so, your occasional breakouts are easily resolved.
What is Dry Skin Type?
As you can imagine, dry skin type users have skin that lacks moisture and they battle flaky skin. You will feel that your skin is tight with plenty of visible lines on the face, and your skin does not feel supple. You may feel that your complexion is dull. While genetics plays a part in the skin type you ‘inherit’, there are also other variables that may result in the skin type you currently have. For example, a change in climate due to relocation, medication you may be consuming for other issues or even a change in diet can also result in a change to your skin.
What is Oily Skin Type?
“The oil on your face is enough to fry an egg!” Sounds familiar? Oily skin type users battle large pores, a shiny complexion, blackheads and pimples. Due to the excessive production of sebum, which results in the oily sheen you see on the skin’s surface, oily skin type users are also likely to experience more acne breakouts.
What is Combination Skin Type?
As the name suggests, combination skin type users exhibit different skin issues. Generally, combination skin type users have an oily T-zone (that is the forehead, nose and chin areas) and dry cheeks. Combination skin type is the most common skin type and multiple products are needed to treat the different issues on the different parts of the skin
Taking Care of Your Skin
Now that you have a general idea of the type of skin you possess (or have inherited), it is time to understand how you can take care of your skin.
Normal Skin Type
You may have normal skin now, but understand that skin changes with time. You start to age, or are extremely stressed at work, or you could be pregnant. Regardless of hormonal changes or environmental changes, your skin is bound to experience changes.
Dry Skin Type
The lack of moisture in dry skin means the first thing you ought to tackle is finding the right products that will provide your skin with the moisture it needs. Look for products that have emollients in them, as they soften dry, rough and flaky skin to make it look and feel better. Cream moisturisers have both emollients and occlusive agents (which help form an oil layer on your skin surface to keep the moisture in), making the texture of cream moisturisers easy to spread on your skin.
Oily Skin Type
On the opposite end of the dry skin type, oily skin type users should look for gel-based or water-based products. Using harsh products that dry out the excess oil on your skin is going to kick your sebum production into crazy overdrive, as your skin may be misled into thinking that it is not producing enough oil. Hence, it becomes a vicious cycle. What is important is to first remove the buildup of dead skin cells on your skin surface, which can be trapped in your pores and lead to an acne breakout. Use a gentle exfoliator to remove the dead skin cells, so that your new skin cells can be revealed. You will still need an oil-free and lightweight moisturiser that keeps your skin sufficiently hydrated. Last but not least, never pick at your pimples! You would not want to be spreading bacteria from your fingers to the rest of your face.
Combination skin type users will have to look at different products for the different issues on different parts of their skin. As mentioned, combination skin type users generally have an oily T-zone which affects the forehead, nose and chin areas. Use oil-free and lightweight products on this area. As for the cheeks which tend to be drier, look for products, such as cream moisturisers, that can help to hydrate the cheeks.